Facts on Summer Hunger for Children in USA and Colorado #JeffcoEats

Summer food for children is reduced to about 18-20 % of what is given by USDA food programs during school year.  If you need to find a food bank for summer here is a link:http://www.feedingamerica.org/find-your-local-foodbank/   

The Summer Food Service Program began in 1968. The Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) is good,
nutritious food that’s “in” when school is “out”. Its purpose is to ensure that children in low-income areas
could continue to receive nutritious meals during long school vacations, when they do not have access to
school lunch or breakfast.
The Summer Food Service Program is administered at the Federal level by the United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA), Food and Nutrition Services. The Colorado Department of Education’s Nutrition Unit
approves sponsor applications, conducts training of sponsors, monitors SFSP operations, and processes
program payments.
Sponsors must be organizations that are fully capable of managing a food service program. To be a sponsor,
you must follow regulations and be responsible, financially and administratively, for running your program.
Which types of organizations are eligible to sponsor SFSP?
Public or private nonprofit schools
Units of local, municipal, county, tribal, or state government
Private nonprofit organizations
Public or private nonprofit camps
Public or private universities or colleges
Community and faith based organizations
Sponsors of sites, which are not camps, must serve either;
1. A site in an area in which at least 50% of the children, who live in that defined area are eligible for
free or reduced-price meals in the National School Lunch or School Breakfast programs.
2. A site which enrolls children, at least 50% of whom meet the SFSP’s Income Eligibility Standards.
At non-camp sites, reimbursement may be claimed for all meals served that meet SFSP guidelines. Sponsors
offering the SFSP at camp sites may claim reimbursement only for the program meals served to enrolled
children who meet the SFSP’s Income Eligibility Standards.
All children 18 years of age and under who come to an approved open site or to an eligible enrolled site may
receive meals.
At camps, only the children eligible for free and reduced-price meals are reimbursed.
Individuals over 18 who are enrolled in school programs for persons with disabilities may also receive meals.
A site is the physical location, approved by the state agency, where you serve SFSP during a supervised time
period. The five types of sites are:
OPEN At least 50% of children in the area are eligible
for free and reduced price school meals
Area eligibility data from the local
school or census block group
ENROLLED At least 50% of the children enrolled in the
program are eligible for free and reduced price
school meals
Income eligibility statements
describing the family’s size and
CAMP It offers a regularly scheduled food service as
part of a residential or day camp program
An individual child’s eligibility for
free and reduced price meals
MIGRANT It primarily serves children of migrant workers Appropriate certification from a
migrant organization
NYSP It is a college or university participating in the
National Youth Sports Program
A child’s enrollment in NYSP
Sponsors purchase or prepare meals and serve them to the children at the site(s). Sponsors may claim
reimbursement only for meal types they are approved to serve. Non-camp sites can serve either 1 or 2 meals
each day. Sites which are camps, or which primarily serve children of migrant families, may serve up to 3
meals per day (any combination of breakfast, lunch, supper, or snack).
Forms documenting how many meals were served for the month must be submitted to the State agency. The
sponsor will be reimbursed at meals times rate of reimbursement.
If you think you may meet the qualifications;
Contact Connie Harlow, Senior Consultant, CDE Nutrition Unit, @ (303) 866-6650
In accordance with federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture policy, this institution is prohibited from
discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age or disability.
To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence
Ave. S.W., Washington D.C. 20250-9410, or call (800)795-3272 (voice) or (202)720-6382 (TTY). USDA is
an equal opportunity provider and employer.




No more teachers. No more books. No more free lunch.

A record 21.7 million American kids get free or reduced-price lunch during at school. But when summer vacation starts, the vast majority of them go without this essential, federally funded benefit.

Fewer than 4 million kids — or just 18% of those in the school lunch program — are fed through the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s summer food program. While that’s a record number for the 40-year-old initiative, many advocates and government officials say more needs to be done.

“In the summer, when those school meals disappear, children find themselves hungry and with few options,” said Duke Storen, a senior director at Share Our Strength, which aims to end child hunger. “It impacts their health and well-being and contributes to learning loss.”



Summer Food Service Program

RI summer meals

RI Summer Meals

More than 200 kids ate lunch at the Central Falls summer meals kick off.

Previous Pause Forward
Last Published: 07/20/2017

The Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) ensures that low-income children continue to receive nutritious meals when school is not in session. This summer, USDA plans to serve more than 200 million free meals to children 18 years and under at approved SFSP sites.

Help us ensure that no child goes hungry this summer.


child eating an apple Turnip the Beet! High Quality Summer Meals Award Program SFSP graphic New SFSP resources for site supervisors



Little girl getting some lunch at a summer feeding program.During the school year, 22 million children receive free or reduced-priced mealsthrough the National School Lunch Program. When school is out during the summer months, however, only 3.9 million receive free or reduced-price meals through the USDA Summer Food Service Program. This gap of 1 in 6 summer to school-time participants is the result of various barriers experienced only during the summer, including a lack of access to meal sites, insufficient program awareness, and limited resources when schools are closed.

Summer Feeding Program & Local Food Banks

The Feeding America nationwide network of food banks operates several summer food service programs during the summer that seek to close this gap. These programs help meet the needs of low-income children and their families who face hunger in the summer by providing them with nutritious meals and snacks when school is not in session.

Feeding America network summer interventions include summer meal programs like Kids Cafe®, BackPack programs and School Pantry programs. Food banks often employ other innovative meal distribution models, such as Picnic in the Park programs, which are designed to most effectively utilize the resources available to fill the gap in services for children during the summer months.

When school is out of session, community summer food programs make up the majority of food distributed. These programs typically receive reimbursement through the USDA Summer Food Service Program for meals provided to eligible children. Last year, the Feeding America network served 5.7 million meals to more than 178,000 hungry children through the Summer Food Service Program, which represents a 15% growth in meals distributed from the previous summer.

Find a Summer Food Service Program near you.

Need More Information?

For additional information on the Summer Food Program or any of Feeding America’s child hunger programs contact the programs team.


Summer time is when we get working to join with other organizations to feed the children and families

  1. Website: paypal –
    go to jeffcoeats.org and click on donate link
  2. Check: write check to Jeffco Eats and mail to 11505 w Texas avenue Lakewood CO 80232. You will receive tax receipt with our ein #
  3. Corporate Sponsor – email us at jeffcoeats@gmail.com if your club or corporation would like to support us.
  4. Cash donations: use a card to write your name and address or email to get a receipt
  5. Phone – just go to jeffcoeats.org and click on donate and use paypal or credit card

Colorado Campaign to End Childhood Hunger

Take the Food Stamp Challenge

Could-You-Eat-3Take the Challenge


That’s about the average amount Coloradans receive from food stamps, federally known as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP. Nearly 1 in 10 Coloradans struggle to make ends meet and put food on the table, whether due to a job loss, health issue, minimum-wage job or misfortune in their life. Food stamps help families and individuals purchase groceries, giving them access to the fuel needed for better, healthier lives and stronger communities…though it’s not always enough for three healthy meals every day.

TWe Challenge Youhe food stamp budget, on average in Colorado, equates to only about $1.40 per meal or $29.40 per week. What if that’s all you had to spend on groceries? Would you be able to eat healthy and thrive?

We challenge YOU to try eating healthy on such a food budget for at least one week. The Food Stamp Challenge not only sheds light on what it’s like to live on such a limited budget, but it can raise awareness of existing barriers like lack of access to high-quality, nutritious food. Let us know if you participate!

Find out how to participate in the Food Stamp Challenge, read what other participants are saying, and share your experience during and after the Challenge. (You also can download our flier about the Challenge.)


What is the Challenge


Download our flier about the Food Stamp Challenge, which includes this list and other information.

This challenge is open to all individuals and involves living on limited food budget for one week, so you can get a sense of what it would be like to try and eat healthy on food stamps. This means spending only $4.20 per day, per person, on everything that you eat, including breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks, seasonings and drinks.

How the Challenge works:Groceries

  • It will last for seven consecutive days.
  • Spend no more than the allotted amount per day, including beverages.
  • Only buy and eat/drink items that are allowed to be purchased with food stamp benefits.
  • Don’t use food already on hand unless you deduct the value from your daily amount. Salt and pepper do not count against the daily cost allowance, but all other seasonings, cooking oils, condiments, snacks and drinks do.
  • Try to include fresh produce and a healthy protein each day.
  • Don’t accept food from family, friends, co-workers and others. Avoid free food anywhere.
  • No outside food or dining out is permitted since you cannot use food stamp benefits on hot meals.
  • You may need to cut coupons or search grocery paper ads on days that items are discounted.
  • Keep a log of what was bought and eaten for each meal, as well as grocery receipts.
  • Keep a daily journal of the experience. Did you feel deprived or restricted? Did you eat differently than usual? Were you hungry?

What you can purchase with food stamp benefits:

  • Produce and canned goods
  • Meat and dairy products
  • Dried goods, beans and rice
  • Breads and cereals
  • Baby food and infant formula
  • Soda, chips and candy
  • Coffee and tea
  • Seeds (whether for eating or planting)

What cannot be purchased with food stamps:

  • Hot food or any food that you eat in-store
  • Pet food
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Cigarettes
  • Medicine and vitamins
  • Non-edible household items like diapers, soap, laundry detergent or toilet paper


RESOURCES: Trying to eat healthy on a food stamp budget



Food Stamp Challenge participants are encouraged to keep a daily journal and share their experiences—during and after the Challenge—with Hunger Free Colorado, as well as with their friends, family and others. Email us and let us know if you participate! 

  • Do a daily journal or video diary, recording your thoughts or yourself with a smartphone. Did you feel deprived or restricted? Did you eat differently than usual? Were you hungry? What did you learn from this experience?
  • Blog about it. Post your daily journal or video diary online, or simply write posts for your own blog or community newspaper. Include photos of your purchased food and meals. Consider doing a guest blog for Hunger Free Colorado like others have. See past blog posts.
  • Post about the Challenge on social media like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Share daily updates, recipes used, photos of your purchased food and meals, and an end-of-the-week recap. Use the hashtags #SNAPChallenge and #EndHungerCO to engage more people in the conversation. Post on Hunger Free Colorado’s Facebook page and tag our Twitter and Instagram handle, @HungerFreeCO, for possible re-posts.
  • Use your voice—talk about your experience with others. Did you come away with greater awareness and understanding for the hunger challenges that affect so many in our state? Have discussions with family, friends, co-workers, neighbors and others in social circle. Share your experience with members of your church, civic organizations and other clubs.
  • Give a presentation about your experience and invite a representative from Hunger Free Colorado to provide insight into the issue and solutions for eradicating hunger.
  • Contact your community or neighborhood newspapers, and see if they would let you write a guest column about your experience.
  • Encourage others to take the Food Stamp Challenge. When sharing your experience, ask others if they would be interested in trying it for one week. Share this web page, too.

After taking the challenge, we urge you to become more involved in the fight against hunger. Everyone must be a part of the solution if we want to create a hunger-free Colorado. There’s a place for you at the table. Learn more about what you can do today and in the future.



Summer Dates to pack and deliver for our schools

                                   SCHOOL YEAR PACKING ENDS SOON JEFFCO EATS   


May 11 th last Friday to pack food for kiddos


May 17 last Thursday deliveries to schools



June 4 to July 18 is JSEL – Jefferson County Early Literacy Program which will be held at elementary schools in Lakewood Wheat Ridge Arvada and Edgewater.  We will be delivering food each week to these children and families.

We need volunteers to pickup food at Food Bank of Rockies on Friday mornings and deliver food to schools and pack the bags with 7 items.


June 8


June 15


June 22


June 29


July 6

PUSH Fresh Produce to the needy Jeffco Families =PUSH #jeffcoeats

We are Proud to announce that Jeffco Eats is a member of the amazing PUSH program with Food Bank of the Rockies. We are also Agency Express members and Totes for Hope program providers. We live to PUSH PRODUCE. We exist to allow greater access to fresh fruits and vegetables for our school children and their families.Image result for google image of 2000 lb  pallet of vegetables

Image result for google image of 2000 lb  pallet of vegetablesImage result for google image of 2000 lb  pallet of vegetables

Colleen Daszkiewicz,Agency Relations Representative, Food Bank of the Rockies is doing amazing work to increase access to fresh fruits and vegetables in Metro Denver. She runs a program called the Fresh Produce (or PUSH) Program. This program aims to provide Food Bank of the Rockies agencies with more fresh produce on a larger scale than the fresh food center or ordering through Agency Express. Through membership in this program Jeffco Eats will distribute produce in full pallets amounts (~2000 lbs)- for example, a full pallet of tomatoes, or a full pallet of potatoes. Since this is such a large amount of food, agencies may split it among themselves as long as all receiving agencies are FBR partner agencies.  We also can distribute dairy items, such as yogurt, milk, and cheese, that we distribute through this program.

Jeffco Eats can bring 4000 lbs of produce or more per month this summer to the most needy children. This is just as strategic as having people go to a farmers market with snap benefits. This produce is free and given on a first come first serve basis. This produce can be from local Colorado farms or regional farms.  We are working to ramp up our capacity to deliver fresh produce to our families in double digit increase.  We need your help. In four months May, June, July and August we can bring more than 16,000 lbs of produce directly to children and families in Jefferson County.

Our strategic capacity building model is that we receive food and produce and snacks and they go directly to the 12 to 20 schools we serve.  These schools in Lakewood, Wheat Ridge, Edgewater and Arvada [summer] that we serve have over 4000 students many of whom are on free and reduced lunch. Families on free and reduced lunch have incomes of less than $30,000 for family of four.  It takes almost $60 K today to have cash flow in a family to pay for food and housing .  Many of the students and families we serve are in the vulnerable life category of being homeless.  A majority of the 3000 homeless children in Jeffco live doubled up.  That means several families share a residence and they do not want to live that way.  You can read the Vento McKinney Act for exact details on how schools and human services serve homeless families. https://www.theotx.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/FAFSA_RoundUp_Week.pdf


Strategies of Food Bank of Rockies and its partner agencies :

  • Prioritize agency relationships and mutually build capacity to close the meal gap.
  • Increase meals served in under-served communities.
  • Strengthen the nutritional value of our products.
  • Lead and engage communities by telling our story effectively.


Would you consider becoming a monthly partner with Jeffco Eats. Click here for one time or monthy donation> 



Colleen Daszkiewicz

Agency Relations Representative

Food Bank of the Rockies



Trauma & lack of food #JeffcoEats

Trauma, Food Addiction, and “Painful” Pounds

Painful Pounds

by guest blogger Pam Peeke, MD, MPH, FACP, FACSM, best-selling author and expert on health, fitness, and nutrition

For years I’ve listened to women and men recount an agonizing spectrum of verbal, emotional, and physical abuse and trauma that occurred during their childhood, often continuing through adolescence. Most remember that period in their life as the time when they began to overeat.

Neglect, abandonment, isolation, and physical harm usually send young people on a desperate search for a way to numb and soothe their pain. Of course, food is the main accessible and primal reward. Laurie has her “Cheerios moments”—a habit of bingeing on cereal in the face of anxiety and stress—just as she did when her addict mother would play a twisted game of “Let’s pretend you’re adopted and not a member of this family.” Alice remembers her father adamantly declaring, “No one loves a fat woman.” She was 10, and believing that statement sent her into a panic, with years of fridge raids and bingeing and, eventually, bariatric surgery as an adult. Then there’s Erica, whose As in school were never good enough for her dad, who insisted on A-pluses. Emily endured years of physical and sexual abuse, resulting in constant self-soothing with food and an extra 100 pounds born of her pain.

I call them painful pounds.

The good news is that there is now evidence-based science to explain the connection between the trauma of childhood abuse and weight gain. And it’s beginning to revolutionize how we approach nutrition and weight management.

If you are one of the countless people who continue to repeat endless cycles of every imaginable diet and exercise craze to shed those extra pounds to no avail, early-life abuse and trauma might be a factor you should consider. Mounting scientific evidence is now linking early-life abuse and stress with eating behaviors that can lead to overweight and obesity and disordered eating. Childhood abuse of any kind often leads to self-soothing with foods that can counteract the pain of ongoing emotional and physical abuse. It’s not surprising that overeating hyper-palatable (sugary, fatty, salty) food combinations creates a long-term psychobiological habit of seeking out these products in the face of life’s stresses.

Recently, Harvard researchers studied 57,321 women enrolled in the long-term Nurses’ Health Study II (NHSII), specifically examining the association between child abuse victimization and food addiction, a form of stress-related overeating. They used the Yale Food Addiction Scale to assess the presence of addictive eating patterns. Their findings were striking: Both severe physical and sexual abuse were associated with a stunning 90 percent increase in food addiction risk. Women with food addiction were 6 units of BMI heavier than women without food addiction. The researchers concluded that, “A history of child abuse is strongly associated with food addiction in this population.”

In a follow-up study, the researchers examined the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and food addiction. Noting that PTSD appears to increase obesity risk, they once again surveyed the NHSII population, this time studying how food addiction could be related to the age of trauma onset as well as the type of trauma.

Once again, the scientists uncovered extraordinary links, revealing that approximately 80 percent of the study group had been exposed to some kind of trauma, with 66 percent noting at least one lifetime PTSD symptom. As the number of PTSD symptoms increased, so did the prevalence of food addiction. The women who had noted the highest levels of PTSD had more than twice the incidence of food addiction as the women with no PTSD symptoms or trauma history. This study informed health professionals that it is critical to assess past history of any trauma, stress, or abuse in order to individualize treatment plans that directly address how to manage trauma-based behavior.

You may be wondering about your own unique history. First, examine your eating behavior by answering the following two questions:

  • If I consume a particular food/beverage, do I feel a loss of control?
  • If I consume a particular food/beverage, do I feel shame, blame, or guilt?

Typically, people with addictive binge-eating behavior will answer yes to both questions. If this is the case for you, then the next step is to examine whether abuse and trauma may have played a role in the development of any painful pounds. A simple way to assess this is to take the adverse childhood experience (ACE) assessment and then correlate your score with health consequences. The ACE test was created Vincent J. Felliti, MD, founder of the California Institutes of Preventive Medicine, as a tool to assess the prevalence of abuse and neglect in a population of 17,000 adult Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program members. Felliti and his team found that almost two-thirds of study participants reported at least one ACE, and more than one in five reported three or more ACEs. As the number of ACEs increased, so also did the risk for an extensive laundry list of conditions, including substance abuse, depression, suicide, domestic violence, poor academic performance, and obesity.Please keep in mind that you don’t need to have experienced severe childhood abuse to become an adult who self-soothes with food. There’s a wide spectrum of childhood abuse and trauma. Each child or adolescent perceives life events uniquely, and what is traumatic to one might be something another easily manages. The key is to know your own story and, in knowing it, enable yourself to customize a strategy to switch out self-destructive habits for health-promoting behaviors.

Here are some first steps to guide you as you begin your own healing journey.

  1. Therapy. If you’ve never confronted your past history, it’s advisable to get help in doing that. If you seek out a therapist who specializes in abuse and trauma, he or she can provide homework and immediate practical tools you can use. The key tenets of trauma and abuse-based therapy are to help clients reframe what happened to them and, thus, better manage issues related to trust, safety, and trauma processing—then the person, armed with that knowledge, re-integrates into a healthy and productive life.
  2. Trauma and food-addiction resources. Here are a few reading and organization resources you might find helpful:

Becoming aware of the abuse-weight connection is key to beginning your own healing journey. Taking action requires courage, self-compassion, and support. In his poem “Invictus,” the poet William Ernest Henley declared that each of us has an “unconquerable soul.” The poem ends with the line “I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul.” 

Believe those words and let the healing begin.

PamPeekesm-199x300 copyPamela M. Peeke, MD, MPH, FACP, FACSM, is an internationally renowned expert in integrative and preventive medicine. Dr. Peeke is a Pew Foundation Scholar in nutrition and metabolism, assistant professor of medicine at the University of Maryland, and a fellow of the American College of Physicians and American College of Sports Medicine. A nutrition and fitness pioneer, she has been the recipient of numerous fitness-industry lifetime achievement awards, including the IDEA Health and Fitness Association Inspiration Award and the Zumba Fitness International Role Model Award. Known as “the doc who walks the talk,” Dr. Peeke is a Senior Olympic triathlete and a member of the National Senior Games Foundation Board. As senior advisor to the 18th Surgeon General of the U.S., Regina Benjamin, MD, MBA, Dr. Peeke created the Surgeon General’s Walks for a Healthy and Fit Nation program. Dr. Peeke’s work includes WebMD’s lifestyle expert, Discovery Health TV’s chief correspondent for nutrition and fitness, host of both Discovery Health TV’s series Could You Survive? and National Body Challenge, acclaimed TEDx presenter, and regular commentator for the national networks. Dr. Peeke is a New York Times best-selling author; her books include Fight Fat after FortyBody for Life for Women, and The Hunger Fix.




Childhood trauma leads to food deprivation later in lifePhoto Courtesy: sean dreilinger Flickr

Feb. 20, 2015

Traumatic experiences in childhood are predictive of food insecurity for adults, researchers at the Drexel University School of Public Health report in a Jan. 22 study in Public Health Nutrition. Conducted by the school’s Center for Hunger-Free Communities, the study examined 31 mothers of children under age 4, and was published as “The Relationship Between Childhood Adversity and Food Insecurity.” In addition to Drexel’s Mariana Chilton, Molly Knowles and Kimberly Arnold, the research team included Jenny Rabinowich of Liberian-American charity Last Mile Health.

Knowles, the qualitative research coordinator at the Center for Hunger-Free Communities, said in an online interview that the idea was inspired by a previous study. The findings of “Witnesses to Hunger” showed that “families experiencing food insecurity were also often dealing with issues of trauma and exposure to violence,” she said. Around the time the study was being conducted, the Center for Hunger-Free Communities was also learning more about Adverse Childhood Experiences.

In the field of public health, ACEs can be defined as “stressful experiences before the age of 18 that include: emotional and physical abuse; emotional and physical neglect; and household instability, including parental separation, domestic violence, and mental illness, substance abuse, or incarceration of a household member,” according to the research brief associated with the study. The brief also stated that “ACEs are associated with poor adult mental and physical health and economic outcomes.” The study was meant to examine and investigate the relationship between ACEs and food security in households.

Participants in the study were first quantitatively surveyed and given an ACE “score” from 0 to 10, which reflected the participant’s cumulative number of adverse or traumatic childhood experiences. Jocelyn, 20-year-old mother of one, scored 9 on her ACEs test. Jocelyn’s traumatic childhood experiences include her parents’ drug abuse and physical fighting, her parents’ separation, her experience of being raped by her stepbrother, being diagnosed with depression and the following hospitalization, school enrollment changes, and finally, young motherhood and moving back in with her abusive mother.

The interview portion of the study was used to help the researchers define the ways in which ACEs and traumatic childhood events had serious and lasting impacts on caregivers and their relationships with their own children. Emotional and physical abuse and neglect as well as drug or substance abuse that could lead to either of those factors was key in defining relationships that appear to exist between ACEs and adult food insecurity.

Jocelyn described instances of having little to no food availability as a child. “We barely had food. I don’t even know if food stamps existed,” Jocelyn said. She also described in the interview being so hungry as a child that she would eat the paint chips off her wall, which eventually gave her lead poisoning. After being fired from the only job she ever had, Jocelyn was forced to move back into her neglectful mother’s house where her younger siblings still lived. Now, Jocelyn struggles to feed her own child, in addition to her siblings, and admits to skipping meals or stretching budgets to ensure her family has enough to eat.

The research brief defined household food insecurity as a “lack of access to enough food for an active and healthy life due to economic hardship.” There are two types of food insecurity: ;ow food security, which indicates issues with access to food and poor diets in households; and very low food security, which shows that at least one household member has reduced their food intake, and that eating patterns within the household have been disrupted due to inadequate food or money resources. Using the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module, the researchers were able to identify caregivers of children younger than the age of 4 who could be classified as being either household or child low or very low food secure.

Claudia, a 22-year-old mother of one, scored a 9 on her ACEs test and was ranked as household very low food secure and child low food secure. Claudia’s descriptions of childhood hunger showed how much of an effect ACEs have on food insecurity for adults who went through those experiences. In her interview, Claudia said, “I know how much my stomach hurt from the hunger, how much my body ached, having pains and not having the medication for it, you know? … The hunger, the pain, the depression — it always comes back. It’s like a bird nesting in your head.” Claudia’s descriptions of being haunted by her childhood hunger depicted the relationship later found to exist by the researchers between ACEs and adult food insecurity.

The emotional abuse endured by some participants can be modeled by Tamira. With an ACEs score of 9, and a reported household with very low food secure and child low food secure, Tamira’s emotional abuse and neglect as a child showed strong reasons why she still suffers from food insecurity now as a 22-year-old mother of one. “If a person always says you’re nothing; you’re nothing. Then for a while I used to think I’m not anything. … Because I can’t find a job I cannot feed my daughter. How am I supposed to? I cannot buy her what she needs.”

Knowles commented on the emotional difficulty of the qualitative interviews conducted in the study: “Some of the stories the mothers told us were very painful, and many of them have really stayed with me. But we also saw a lot of resilience — many of the moms talked about how their experiences made them stronger and more determined to ensure that their kids didn’t experience the same adversity.” In a blog post, Knowles also said it was upsetting to realize how incapable current aids-programs and social support services are of assisting with behavioral and trauma-induced issues. She wrote: “According to the moms we spoke with, social service providers often re-traumatize families through punitive policies and negative attitudes that stigmatize those seeking help.”

A strong relationship between higher ACEs scores and low food security or very low food security was found in the study’s results. Of the 19 households defined as very low food secure, 16 scored above a four on the ACEs test, while only three scored between zero and three on the ACEs test. Statistical testing verified this relationship, according to the published findings. These findings will be used to redefine how policies and programs dealing with needy families treat mental and behavioral health of the caregivers as a primary issue in moving forward.

Knowles commented that the Center for Hunger-Free Communities “will continue educating policymakers on how trauma and violence affect families experiencing poverty and food insecurity… [The center is] also trying to work with other faculty and staff at Drexel who work on issues of trauma to figure out how to best prevent and address trauma in Philadelphia and throughout the country.”

Editor’s note: Pseudonyms were used for the names of the participants of the survey.


Food Research & Action Center © December 2017 n www.frac.org


The Impact of Poverty, Food Insecurity, and
Poor Nutrition on Health and Well-Being
Hunger & Health
There is growing awareness and acknowledgment in the health care community that
health outcomes and disparities, more often than not, are driven by social determinants
of health than by medical care.1
Social determinants of health include social, economic,
physical, or other conditions where people live, learn, work, and play that influence their
Poverty and food insecurity are social determinants of health, and are associated
with some of the most serious and costly health problems in the nation.
* Hartline-Grafton, H. (2017). The Role of the Supplemental Nutrition
Assistance Program in Improving Health and Well-Being.
Washington, DC: Food Research & Action Center.
† Hartline-Grafton, H. (2017). The Role of the Federal Child Nutrition
Programs in Improving Health and Well-Being. Washington, DC:
Food Research & Action Center. [The federal Child Nutrition
Programs include the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program
for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); National School Lunch
Program (NSLP); School Breakfast Program (SBP); Child and Adult
Care Food Program (CACFP); Summer Food Service Program
(SFSP); and Afterschool Nutrition Programs.]
Food Research & Action Center © December 2017 n www.frac.org n 2
unintentional injury,33 and physical inactivity.34 Low-income
adolescents also are more likely to engage in healthcompromising
behaviors, such as smoking.35
Childhood poverty and socioeconomic inequalities have
health implications that carry through into adulthood as
well — for example, lower childhood socioeconomic status
is associated with chronic disease, poor mental health, and
unfavorable health behaviors in adulthood.36, 37, 38 Poverty
in childhood also has been linked to serious, long-term
economic consequences, including higher health care
expenditures, lower educational achievement (e.g., not
completing high school and college), lost productivity and
lower earnings in adulthood, and increased risk of poverty
later in life.39, 40, 41
Toxic Stress and Adverse Childhood Experiences
Growing up in poverty is associated with toxic
stress — which is chronic stress that can have
enormous impacts on child development and
health.42, 43, 44 Under prolonged stress, stress hormone
levels become excessively high for long periods of
time. This leads to a “wear and tear” on the brain
and body, referred to as allostatic load. Toxic stress
can inhibit normal brain and physical development
and metabolic processes among children, making
them more susceptible to learning and behavior
impairments and physical and mental illness later
in life.45
Toxic stress in children often results from strong,
repeated, or prolonged exposure to adversity, such
as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs).46 ACEs are
potentially traumatic experiences, such as economic
hardship, loss of a parent due to divorce, witnessing
domestic violence, or the incarceration of a parent.
ACEs are more common among children living in
poverty.47 Exposure to more ACEs puts children at
greater risk for health and economic problems later
in life.48, 49 For instance, one study found that female
caregivers’ ACEs were associated with current
household and child food-insecurity status.50
Adults living in poverty are at greater risk for a number
of health issues, such as diabetes,51 heart disease and
stroke,52, 53 obesity (primarily among women),54 depression,55
disability,56 poor oral health,57 and premature mortality.58
Those living in poverty also have higher rates of physical
inactivity, cigarette smoking, and inadequate micronutrient
intake.59, 60 In addition, the high levels of stress facing lowincome
families, including children, can contribute to, or
worsen, existing health problems.61, 62 While the enactment of
the Affordable Care Act of 2010 improved health insurance
coverage and health care access in the nation, poor and
near-poor adults are still more likely to be uninsured, less
likely to have a regular place to go to for medical care, and
are more likely to forgo needed medical care due to cost,
compared to their not-poor counterparts.63, 64
Finally, poverty reduces life expectancy and quality of
life. One study found a 4.5 year gap in life expectancy
at birth between counties with the highest versus lowest
socioeconomic ranking.65 Another estimate found that living
at less than 200 percent of the federal poverty line results
in a net loss of 8.2 years of quality-adjusted life expectancy
at age 18.66 Research shows that these inequalities have
widened over time as life expectancy has risen more rapidly
for higher-income groups than lower-income groups.67
Hunger & Health: Impact of Poverty, Food Insecurity, and Poor Nutrition
Did you know? Treat or Eat
In general, one out of three chronically ill
adults is unable to afford medicine, food,
or both.68
Food Research & Action Center © December 2017 n www.frac.org n 3
Food Insecurity, Health, and Well-Being
In 2016, approximately 28.3 million adults (11.5 percent
of all adults) and 12.9 million children (17.5 percent of all
children) lived in food-insecure households.69 Food
insecurity — even marginal food security (a less severe level
of food insecurity)70, 71, 72 — is associated with some of the
most common and costly health problems and behaviors in
the U.S., as shown in Figure 1 on the next page. While food
insecurity has direct and indirect impacts on physical and
mental health for people of all ages, food insecurity is
especially detrimental to the health, development, and
well-being of children in the short and long terms.73, 74, 75, 76
“After multiple risk factors are considered, children
who live in households that are food insecure,
even at the lowest levels, are likely to be sick
more often, recover from illness more slowly,
and be hospitalized more frequently. Lack of
adequate healthy food can impair a child’s ability
to concentrate and perform well in school and is
linked to higher levels of behavioral and emotional
problems from preschool through adolescence.”
— American Academy of Pediatrics’ Policy Statement,
Promoting Food Security for All Children77
According to a study of working-age adults living at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty line:
“In general, lower food security is associated with higher probability of each of the chronic diseases examined
— hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), hepatitis, stroke, cancer, asthma, diabetes, arthritis, chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and kidney disease … Moreover, differences between adults in
households with marginal, low, and very low food security are very often statistically significant, which suggests
that looking at the entire range of food security is important for understanding chronic illness and potential
economic hardship. Indeed, food security status is more strongly predictive of chronic illness in some cases even
than income. Income is significantly associated with only 3 of the 10 chronic diseases — hepatitis, arthritis, and
COPD — while food insecurity is significantly associated with all 10.”
— From Food Insecurity, Chronic Disease, and Health Among Working-Age Adults78

Homeless Children in Jefferson County CO – need our help!

Title One division of Jefferson County Public Schools has area leaders whose job it is each week to direct families and children to resources.  The last data collected regarding homeless children in our schools was in 2015-2016.   Here are those facts:  2,733 children homeless

2.3 % of children were un-sheltered – living in car, street  =  63

11.2 % of children living in motels = 306

8.3 % of children living in shelters = 226

78.2 % of children living double up  [more than one family in a home] = 2137


One of The biggest problem this year is that resources are becoming smaller and smaller for a bigger number of very low income single family homes.  Over 80 percent of poor are single family .  Many of our families in Jefferson County are working poor. Together we can make a difference.


Good News is that we are a great community in Jefferson County and people volunteer. People give $20 or $50 dollars.  Many food backpack programs have clubs like boy scouts doing fund raisers to donate $150 .   PTA families donate, established small businesses help all the time.

The “working poor” are people who spend 27 weeks or more in a year in the labor force either working or looking for work but whose incomes fall below the poverty level.

Image result

We have a huge need to establish shelters.  It was brought up by Mean Street Ministries that often in statistics the term shelter is used when it is actually a program.  If you need crisis shelter that night you need a shelter.  Jeffco Action Center has a great program that you need to apply for and it is for short term. They meet some very important needs.  Collaboration is a key to multiplied synergy.

Check out http://www.headinghomejeffco.com/

Heading Home funded the Severe Weather Shelter in 2017 -2018 with a  grant.  So after March what happens to those families ?  Until November where do they sleep ?  Many families work two shifts. For parents who work a 3-12 pm shift or a 1-9 shift you cannot get into a shelter at that time of night.  From what I understand you need the parent to check in the children and they cant because they are at work.

Data for what it takes in Jefferson County in 2018 to have food and shelter is around $28 an hour.  That is a salary of $58,240.  If you work at Walmart or at $11 an hour you earn $22,880.  Even with two parents that is $45,760.   What can we do as a community to help end poverty ?

We at Jeffco Eats are existing for weekend food needs all year round,  on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs for human existence – first is water and food and then shelter.  To get a single family out of crisis mode to be able to take baby steps to become financially stable, we must address first things first.  

Physiological needs include:

Safety needs[edit]

Once a person’s physiological needs are relatively satisfied, their safety needs take precedence and dominate behavior. In the absence of physical safety – due to war, natural disaster, family violencechildhood abuse, etc. – people may (re-)experience post-traumatic stress disorder or transgenerational trauma. In the absence of economic safety – due to economic crisis and lack of work opportunities – these safety needs manifest themselves in ways such as a preference for job security, grievance procedures for protecting the individual from unilateral authority, savings accounts, insurance policies, disability accommodations, etc. This level is more likely to predominate in children as they generally have a greater need to feel safe.

Safety and Security needs include:

Your Group Can Be A Hunger Hero so Jeffco Eats

Hunger Hero sign up @ Food Bank Rockies with Jeffco Eats and Your Group. Your hours give us cash to buy food !!Image result for money treeImage result for money tree

Two mints in One” was a commercial decades ago. You can do two things at once if you would have your group sign up with Us to help at Food Bank of the Rockies.

 We get credit to buy food for the children if you sign up under our non profit.  Jeffco Eats is the DBA name for Harvest Mountain Ministries. Image result for mints candy

You can be a hunger hero

At Food Bank of the Rockies, we believe everyone deserves to thrive. If you agree, join our cause and give more than your time. Give hope.


Please note: We place volunteers in different areas because our needs change daily.

Not all opportunities are available every day at every branch. We appreciate your flexibility to volunteer where you and/or your group can help us the most.

SCHEDULE A SHIFT IN DENVER                  


SIGN UP DETAILS:  1. go to www.foodbankrockies.org   2. Volunteers – click   3. Volunteer Your Time – scroll down to SCHEDULE A SHIFT   4. Click – I am scheduling my Group  5. Sign up for Harvest Mountain Ministries which is Jeffco Eats  6. am time is 8:45 – 12 and pm is 12:15 – 3:30.   7.  email jeffcoeats@gmail.com and tell us when you signed up so we can be sure to check our account balance with the money added because your group helped be HUNGER HERO.

Grateful,  Executive Director Barbara Moore and Board

Green Mountain Beer Company Fundraiser March 14th

Please come join us to raise money for our growing number of schools we serve with weekend food every week of the school year and summer.  Green Mountain Beer Company will donate 20 % of proceeds.  You can purchase beer or kombucha.

2585 S Lewis Way
Lakewood, Colorado 80227
Highlights info row image
(303) 986-0201


It is a children friendly environment and you can bring food in with you.  Starts at 4 until 8 pm.  Love to see you and have some fun.  If you cannot make it would you consider a donation ?  We added three new schools the last few weeks. 


Woodstock to Foodstock – I came upon a child of God that was walking along the road




 She was one of those ’60s people Joni Mitchell sang about, a child of God walking along a road that led to Woodstock. Seeds of goodwill from attending that music festival planted in Barbara Moore’s soul.
But they lay dormant for years, squelched by life in the corporate fast lane. Then Barbara asked herself what she really wanted. “To get back to the garden.”
She learned that more than 200,000 children struggle with hunger every day in Colorado. Some receive free or reduced-cost school lunches. But on weekends, they may go hungry. In one family, the kids play a guessing game: “Who’s going to get to eat this weekend?”
Barbara went into action, and Jeffco Eats was born. Volunteers bag food items and transport them to schools for students to carry home for the weekend.
Meeting needs doesn’t have to come through an organization. One woman I know watches out for latchkey kids on her block, helping them with loose bike chains. A grandfather runs errands for his daughter so she doesn’t have to haul her preschoolers around. A group of women knit hats for homeless teens.
The world’s needs can overwhelm me. But I heard a man say, “Sometimes the most spiritual thing you can do is to stop praying and to start doing.”
Good advice. So I’m part of Barbara’s brigade, filling bags with meals for hungry tummies. We’re transforming the idealism of Woodstock into the reality of foodstock.
Because nobody should be forced to guess who gets to eat this weekend.


Barbara wrote a book on Amazon about her life as an organic farmer.  Whether fresh food from an organic farm or staple peanut butter and jelly in jars, our children are hungry and it is one in five. This is a famine amidst the suburban lifestyle of affluence.  Will you consider adopting one of our children who we give food to every week so they are not hungry on the weekend.  

  For 39 weeks during school year it is $4 a week so $ 156.  Or summer is coming and we need to support 650 children a week at $4 per week so that is $2600 a week.  ASK your company you work for or you club or your church to become a regular supporter of Jeffco Eats.  Together we can end childhood hunger in Jefferson County Colorado.  


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